A few weeks ago we published a blog post titled "Soloing on Static Chords", all about what to do when you have to solo over long one-chord sections.
But what happens in the opposite case - when you have a flurry of difficult chords to solo on in just 2-4 bars? ⏳
This post will provide a step-by-step method to help you master improvising over those tough fast changes. Let's dive in!
How to use this lesson
Throughout this lesson we'll be using the famous Tadd Dameron turnaround as our example. Check out this podcast for some more background info on this turnaround!
To get the most out of this post be sure to open the accompanying video in a new tab and also download/print off the PDF with all examples.
What is a Tadd Dameron Turnaround? 2:20
Tadd Dameron was an influential pianist and composer, with a particular affinity for major 7 chords. If you've played his tune Ladybird, you'll know what I mean!
The turnaround for Ladybird consists of four major 7 chords:
This has become known as the Tadd Dameron turnaround. It's a... tad difficult for the uninitiated because you must switch scales on a dime. A different one for each chord!
What scales should you use?
For the Cmaj7 chord, we'll use the typical C Major: C D E F G A B
We'll do the same on Ebmaj7 and Abmaj7 - just use the accompanying major scale.
Ebmaj7 = Eb Major (Eb F G Ab Bb C D)
Abmaj7 = Ab Major (Ab Bb C Db Eb F G)
The only outlier is our Dbmaj7, where we'll use Db Lydian.
Dbmaj7 = Db Lydian (Db Eb F G Ab Bb C)
Luckily, Db Lydian contains the exact same notes as Ab major. So you don't have to learn a different scale shape, just shift how you see the roots (shown in green here).
The main reason for lydian in this case, rather than the typical major scale, is so that we can keep G as one of our note options.
G is a really useful note because as you may have noticed, it's in every one of the scales!
Exercise 1 - Four bars per chord 6:27
Now that we have the scales straightened out, let's get to our first step! What we're going to do is take the progression and blow it up so that every chord last for four bars.
"Isn't this cheating?", you might be thinking. Well, if you put it that way... all practice is technically cheating! 😎
Make sure you go to 6:27 to play along with me! Much easier this way, right?
If you're having trouble with this step, you might need to practice the scales a bit more first, so you can visualize them on the fretboard instantly. Take it slow!
It's key that you don't move on from this step until you're comfortable. When I say step by step... I really mean it for this one.
Exercise 2 - Two bars per chord 9:53
Now that we've mastered four pars per chord, let's cut it in half. Two bars each!
See where this is going? It's a Russian nesting doll kind of situation.
This is already quite a bit harder! If you're having trouble, try thinking of target notes. Start by landing on the thirds of the chords.
Here's what I mean:
Then, once you can hear and visualize the thirds, try approaching them with some notes from the scales. For example:
Exercise 3 - One bar per chord 15:18
Congrats on getting this far! Now we're going to cut things in half again... one bar per chord.
Just remember, you don't need to play Pat Martino-esque sixteenth notes over this stuff. It's perfectly valid to use quarter notes or half notes, and work your way up.
You'll notice that this line has some large leaps in it.
A little trick - if you're simplifying one aspect of your lines (ie. rhythm), try making another aspect more interesting to compensate.
Exercise 4 - 1/2 bar per chord 18:50
Now we've reached the final showdown! Half a bar per chord, just as Tadd Dameron intended it.
Here's a thought, courtesy of the great Wayne Shorter.
Try to think: "what notes do each chord have in common?"
This is a much more organic way to go about soloing over fast changes. Now if only I could sound as good as Wayne 😜
Here's an example you could try, thinking of G C and D as a common tones in each scale.
To conclude things lets just go over the essentials!
To practice soloing on fast chord changes, increase the amount of time on each chord to make things easier. Then, slowly work your way back to the original harmonic rhythm.
Some prompts you could use to generate lines would be:
- target the third of each chord and then approach it on other scale tones
- keep the rhythm of your lines really simple, and make the note choices more interesting
- think of what notes are common to each scale and use those as the basis for your line
This lesson is written for the Tadd Dameron turnaround, but it could apply to any set of fast changes. Try it on Giant Steps, 26-2, Donna Lee... you get the idea.
Happy shredding! 🏂
Next, try your hand at some improv with our FREE guide!
This guide will teach you the very basics of jazz improv covering subjects such as outlining the changes, hitting the right notes, and most importantly making music. We’ll cover the basics with you and take you through an actual jazz standard showing you how to play over it!
***Note from the editor*** This post was updated 09/22/2020 (syntax and thumbnail updated)
Marc-Andre Seguin is the webmaster, mastermind and teacher on JazzGuitarLessons.net, the #1 online resource for learning how to play jazz guitar. He draws from his experience both as a professional jazz guitarist and professional jazz teacher to help thousands of people from all around the world learn the craft of jazz guitar.