James Elbert Raney is another contemporary of Christian, Farlow and Ellis; he helped put forward that typical bebop jazz guitar sound out into the world. Originally from Louisville, Raney began his career in Chicago and later had a short stint in Woody Herman's orchestra in 1948 (at a very young age!)
From 1951 Raney worked with the great Stan Getz, recording perhaps the best music of his career. This international visibility later allowed him to have more associations with many different jazz legends. He played mostly in small ensembles with a horn instead of leading his own trio or quartet.
- He replaced Tal Farlow in Red Norvo Trio in 1953.
- Had a 10-year break, approximately between 1965 and 1975. Jimmy Raney went back to Louisville during that period. Their were some personal problems and less work opportunities in New York.
- Raney later had two more "career phases": first in 1975-85 with Xanadu Records and lastly in 1980-1995 with Criss Cross Records
Jimmy Raney was a real jazz guitar master: he used bebop phrasing in his clearly articulated lines and ideas. I highly recommend you check out Jimmy Raney was a real jazz guitar master: he used bebop phrasing in his clearly articulated lines and ideas. I highly recommend you check out this book or transcriptions of his (it comes with the recording + play-alongs!)
To me, he's one of the only early bop guitarist that had a very clean type of single-line sound (not amp-wise but melodically speaking, while soloing). Each note Jimmy played seems to have enough room around it to breathe fully. And I personally enjoy that style of playing very much! :-)
I think I never heard a Raney solo with muffled notes or where the a line felt "crammed" ... only pure musical genius and pleasure for the ears!
5 Albums of Jimmy Raney with JazzGuitarLesson.net Highest Recommedation
Next to Wes Montgomery's "Smokin at the Half Note" and "Full House" these albums contain the finest, most impressive live jazz guitar playing I've ever heard. Jimmy Raney was known in his heyday as the "definative cool jazz guitarist" and it's amazing to me how he could possibly be so overlooked. His long lines just flow, seemingly effortlessly from one change to another. These recordings are all must own for any serious guitarist or appreciator of the classic jazz guitar era. Highest recommendation!
- The Master with Kirk Lightsey (1983)
- A (1957)
- Wisteria with Tommy Flanagan, George Mraz (1985)
- But Beautiful with George Mraz, Lewis Nash 1990)
- Nardis with Doug Raney (1983)
- Live in Tokyo 1976 (Extra Pick !!)
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Marc-Andre Seguin is the webmaster, mastermind and teacher on JazzGuitarLessons.net, the #1 online resource for learning how to play jazz guitar. He draws from his experience both as a professional jazz guitarist and professional jazz teacher to help thousands of people from all around the world learn the craft of jazz guitar.
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