Composed by Sonny Rollins
Oleo is a classic standard and it is essential to any jazz musician's repertoire. It is a Sonny Rollins composition from 1954, and it fits right into the "hard bop" sound of the time.
This tune first appeared on the Miles Davis album, "Bag's Groove". The chord progression is taken from the classic Gershwin tune, "I've Got Rhythm," which is actually the basis for many other tunes. For this reason, this progression is affectionately known as "Rhythm Changes."
The Nuts and Bolts
Because of the nature of this tune, we will approach this lesson a bit differently. It is simply not practical to go come up with a chord melody to a tune like this, but if you're feeling extra adventurous, you can try it! Here, we will give you a comping etude and a single-note solo.
The tune is a standard AABA 32-bar form and the progression cycles through a I vi ii V progression in Bb before going to the IV (Eb), then it cycles back to the I chord.
The B section is simply cycling dominants starting from the III.
D7 - G7 - C7 - F7
Finally, it returns to the A section to close the tune.
Oleo: Comping Ideas
Here are some basic chord shapes you can use to comp over Oleo. I suggest taking this at a slower tempo than usual and really getting the hang of these chord shapes.
Oleo: Comping Etude
In this lesson, I decided to take a different approach. Instead of a chord melody, we're going to give you a comping etude with walking bass. This is great for duo situations where you are playing with a horn or another non-harmonic instrument.
Note If you've looked at different rhythm changes tunes, you've probably noticed slight variations in the harmony. The main focus is to get to your target chords one way or another.
Oleo: Single-Note Solo
Here's another single-note solo with plenty of useful language. It's important to be able to play rhythm changes comfortably as you run into a lot of similar progressions throughout much of the standard jazz repertoire.
Oleo: Backing Track
Here's a nice little backing track for you to practice some of the material covered here!
Oleo: Chord Reference Sheet
In addition to all of this, we provide you with some more extended shapes that you can use in comping over this tune.
Rhythm Changes Tunes
Check out a few of the other well-known rhythm changes tunes so you can see how different players have added their own melodies to this classic progression.
- I Got Rhythm (G. Gershwin)
- Moose the Mooche (Charlie Parker)
- Anthropology (Charlie Parker)
- Cotton Tail (Duke Ellington)
- Rhythm-A-Ning (T. Monk)
-Pat Martino's Live at Yoshi's album released in 2001. Lines for days! Pat absolutely kills it here with the great Joey DeFrancesco and Billy Hart.
-Miles Davis' Bag's Groove RVG Remaster album released in 2008. I love all of these Rudy Van Gelder remasters and you've got to hear the original version of any tune if you can.
-George Benson's The Best of George Benson collection released in 2010. Benson takes this tune at an absolutely blazing tempo in this one.
-Eric Dolphy's Eric Dolphy, A Night in Copenhagen album. The details of this particular recording are a bit ambiguous, but it's still a great take.
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