Practicing is something we all have to face one day or another. Heck, even Miles Davis practiced his instrument at some point!
Like most activities (walking, driving, sports, dancing, cooking, etc.) music has a "learning curve". Jazz guitar is no exception.
If someone's telling you that they found a "shortcut" or that they got "the secret" to avoid guitar practice RUN (don't walk) in the other direction!
In short, practicing is simply the preparatory steps required for the performance of music. In jazz, we also prepare for spontaneous musical creation. Improvisation is soooooo rewarding it's addictive! (-:
"By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail."
I'd rather be prepared to do some preparation...what about you? Let's go!
0 - Prelude (Playing -vs- Practicing)
There's a difference between focused practicing and playing/performing. In practice, attention is given to a specific set of parameters. For example, practicing a scale you'll try to sound the right notes in the right order.
In performance however, the focus is on what's happening at that very moment. Ideally, the player is not trying to control everything and the performance flows naturally. There's less thinking and more instincts.
The advice here is not to mix them up!!! (for now at least)
Avoid sounding like in a practice
session while playing/performing.
On the other hand, you may wish to "perform" by yourself in a practice session and that is O.K. It's much like a "crowd-less performance" and it won't hurt. All I'm saying is : please avoid the "on stage practice session"!
Always be aware of the relationship between playing and practicing.
In practice, find new means of expression, learn new repertoire and improve your technique in order to perform better in the future...
1 - Physical Organization
The guitar practice environment is as much (if not more) important than the activity itself. Practicing in the same room most of the time is the key.
The ideal is to have a dedicated "practice space" for your music.
The environment should contain every object you could use during guitar practice. For example:
Guitar (and amplifier if needed)
Music stand and guitar stand if needed
Tuner, metronome and patch chords
Guitar strap and picks
Timer or watch
CD/tape/vinyl player (and/or computer)
Albums you are currently transcribing from
Binder (with staff and regular paper)
Pen, pencils and eraser
Books you are using (fakebooks, charts, methods, etc.)
Water (last but not least!)
Having everything in one place is essential to focused jazz guitar practice. Avoid getting up to get "that book" or "that CD" or "the &%/$# tuner"...
The environment influences practicing and helps in creating an habit of practicing. It takes only 3 weeks to develop an habitual behavior.
On that same note, I personally using "The Journal" Software to organize ... pretty much everything in my life! Download the free trial here.
We can compare guitar practice
to sleeping or eating habits.
Set the ball rolling and practicing
will become semi-automatic...
2 - Goals and Planification
In order to move forward (improvement), you need a direction (goal). It's essential to know why you practice guitar! Ask yourself:
How am I sounding right now?
How would I like to sound in the future?
Write the answers down on two separate sheets of paper.
Answer the first question honestly acknowledging reality. List your strengths and weaknesses. Acceptance leads to better playing.
Answer the second question with your own personal ideal. What's a "perfect" jazz guitarist to you? Make a list of many aspects.
With the two lists in hand, decide on the weaknesses that you want to make intro strengths immediately. (Choose the most urgent matters. Obviously, we all want all of our weak points to turn strong...)
Use your ideals as a point of reference to set goals!
Goals set? Alright! (-:
Be positive towards improving certain areas. The whole process will be very enjoyable if you keep a smile! The fact that you now acknowledge your strengths, weaknesses and goals will take you to new heights.
Note: From now on, I suggest you write everything down. I've been keeping a log for a long time; I find it amazingly helpful! The log is very personal because everyone has it's own way of keeping track. Find yours and start "logging" today! (Either The Journal for PC, or MacJournal for Mac).
3 - Material
This is the part where you decide what you will practice in order to attain goals. It can consist of anything from sight-reading Bach to transcribing Herb Ellis. Material can also be conceived in the form of exercises.
The musical material to be practiced differs from person to person!
Guitar practice is strictly personal and depends a great deal on the level, taste and general direction of each player. No one knows exactly what you should practice to achieve X or Y result. YOU decide! (-:
Since there's a tremendous amount of information (things to practice...) out there, you are the judge. We'll never plow through even 1% of all music so we have to be selective and choose wisely.
Here are general guidelines to help you pick (or create) what you'll be covering in you jazz guitar practice sessions:
Balance Different Areas
Cover a few, but not too many, aspects of playing when you practice. It's no good to play only scales six month in a row... and it's no good to practice 52 different things each day! Balance is the key. (For example practice comping, scales and repertoire.)
Have Complimentary Approaches
Attack the same problem from different angles. Be creative and keep the goal in mind. There's at least ten ways to approach any musical difficulty. Try not to be "exclusive" when choosing what material you practice to overcome an obstacle. Create your own exercises when needed, which leads me to...
Be Your Own Teacher
Some books and teachers have great practice suggestions. In the end, I think that's what worked for them that there trying to teach you. Create your own exercises to overcome musical obstacles.
Always go over at least a little bit of repertoire on a regular basis. It can be learning new tunes or perfecting known standards. Create a list of tunes you know (memorized) and work with it.
You jazz guitar practice will raise your performance level ...and what's played during a performance exactly? (Tunes!!!) Thank you.
So, did you pick some material to practice? You know exactly what to do now to get to your goals. Congratulations!
Let's see how you should apply this to real life jazz guitar practice sessions!
4 - Practice Time
This is usually where most of my students have difficulties. Here again, it's necessary to perceive reality as it is. You will NOT be practicing 8 hours each day... for the next 10 years!!! (Well... most of us don't)
On the other hand, you are most likely to give a steady 30-45 minutes average per day. It's more than enough to make huge progress... if your time is used properly! (-;
Here are points to keep in mind to manage your jazz guitar practice time:
Make your guitar practice time 110% focused. No distractions (please re-read #1). The value of 30 minutes of focused practicing is greater than a whole day of mere playing (or noodling!)
Practice "everything" in each session
According to your goals, try to play through all your chosen material each time you practice. If there's an item on your list that you didn't touch for a week, it means that you have to much on your plate.
Plan each session
Decide how much time you will honestly spend in focused practice before even touching the guitar. With this set amount of time in mind, plan the material you'll cover. Divide each session in small chunks of time to go through "everything".
[For example: I have 5 items on my list and 75 minutes to practice. I'll do 20, 20, 5, 15, 15 minutes.]
Pace the practicing material logically. I like to start with some slow scales and then I improvise on a tune. It prepares my brain and fingers to tackle my routine. At the end of the session, I also improvise but on a tune that's more challenging for me.
Experiment and find what kind of warm-up works for you. Create your own session "starters"!
It's best to do it everyday even if it's for a short session. Never try to "catch up on the weekend"... trust me, it doesn't work!
Go ahead and try daily guitar practice sessions for the next few weeks. Take note of what works for you. Write everything down so you can adjust later. Then come back and adjust with...
5 - Goals and Planification [Encore]
Keep this jazz guitar practice process in mind as weeks and months go by. I can keep most exercises (and their variations) in my routine for years at a time!
Improvement comes from slow and steady growth.
Come back often, re-visit and adjust your practice environment, your goals, your material and your practice time. Write casual reports on the results you achieve on guitar. Do it often! Acknowledge and improve. Once again, a journaling software works great for this kind of music diary concept.
I also encourage you to personalize my suggestions as much as you can. Experiment and follow your instincts. Discovering your own "improvement mechanisms" is far more important than following any specific method.
And last but not least:
Pocket recorders are accessible and cheap nowadays. Listen to your taped practice sessions, rehearsals and performances. Be a critic but try not to judge. Just listen to your playing objectively.
While listening to my gigs, I often get ideas about what I could improve in my playing. As always, write it down.
Playing live or attending jam sessions is a great "reality check" most of the time! Do it often. I personally discovered most of my own weaknesses "under fire"... at a jam!